Climate observations are rather sparse in the Arctic. However, fine scale (1 km) temperature anomalies can be detected through remotely sensed land surface temperature (LST), from the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) sensor on board the National Aeronautics and SpaceAdministration (NASA)’s Terra and Aqua satellites. Climate Engine’s mapping tools were used to compute and visualize anomalous surface temperature from mid to late November. Results indicate what has been recently reported - the North Pole being in the grip of extreme warmth. Create the map and explore.
MODIS land surface temperature anomalies are also very useful for assessing surface moisture deficits and fire danger. This is illustrated by using Climate Engine to create a land surface temperature anomaly map from mid to late November for the southwest US. Results highlight how exceptionally warm and dry the region has been. These conditions combined with Santa Ana winds have led to massive wildfires and catastrophic loss of treasured land and property in southern California. Create the map and explore.